- Introduction: Thirteen Propositions About Propaganda
- The Invention of Propaganda: A Critical Commentary on and Translation of Inscrutabili Divinae Providentiae Arcano
- Brazilian and North American Slavery Propagandas: Some Thoughts on Difference
- A World to Win: Propaganda and African American Expressive Culture
- Literacy or Legibility: The Trace of Subjectivity in Soviet Socialist Realism
- Narrative and Mendacity: Anti-semitic Propaganda in Nazi Germany
- The “Hidden Tyrant”: Propaganda, Brainwashing, and Psycho-Politics in the Cold War Period
- Roof for a House Divided: How U.S. Propaganda Evolved into Public Diplomacy
- “Thought-Work” and Propaganda: Chinese Public Diplomacy and Public Relations After Tiananmen Square
- Instruction, Indoctrination, Imposition: Conceptions of Propaganda in the Field of Education
- Books in the Cold War: Beyond “Culture” and “Information”
- “The New Vehicle of Nationalism”: Radio Goes to War
- Built on a Lie: Propaganda, Pedagogy, and the Origins of the Kuleshov Effect
- Propagating Modernity: German Documentaries from the 1930s: Information, Instruction, and Indoctrination
- “Order Out of Chaos”: Freud, Fascism, and the Golden Age of American Advertising
- Propaganda and Pleasure: From Kracauer to Joyce
- “The World’s Greatest Adventure in Advertising”: Walter Lippmann’s Critique of Censorship and Propaganda
- Propaganda Among the Ruins
- Jacques Ellul’s Contribution to Propaganda Studies
- The Ends of Misreading: Propaganda, Democracy, Literature
- Propaganda vs. Education: A Case Study of Hate Radio in Rwanda
- Dissent, Truthiness, and Skepticism in the Global Media Landscape: Twenty-First Century Propaganda in Times of War
- Propaganda in Egypt and Syria’s “Cyberwars”: Contexts, Actors, Tools, and Tactics
Abstract and Keywords
This essay examines how and why certain propagandist theories and techniques took root in Europe and America between the 1930s and the 1950s. Over the course of these three decades, a unique set of forces came together to forge a communications and cultural landscape that was heavily propagandist in both character and influence. Although their goals were dramatically different, Nazi fascist propaganda of the 1930s and early 1940s and American advertising and consumer culture of the 1950s had a lot more in common than one might (and might like to) think. Each was a dedicated and concerted effort to, as Edward Bernays neatly expressed it, "bring order out of chaos," the two sharing deep roots in Freudian psychoanalytic theory.
Lawrence R. Samuel is the author of Future: A Recent History; Rich: The Rise and Fall of American Wealth Culture; Freud on Madison Avenue: Motivation Research and Subliminal Advertising in America; Supernatural America: A Cultural History; plus a number of other books.
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