- Consulting Editors
- Modernization and the Russian Economy: Three Hundred Years of Catching Up
- Command Economy and its Legacy
- Russia’s Economic Transformation
- Transformational Recession
- Growth Trends in Russia After 1998
- Institutional Performance
- Corporate Governance in Russia
- The Russian Tax System
- The Unofficial Economy in Russia
- Russian Corruption
- Russia’s Dependence on Resources
- The Russian Oil Sector
- The Russian Natural Gas Sector
- The Russian Electricity Market: Variants of Development
- The Economics of Mineral Resources
- The Challenge of Reforming Environmental Regulation in Russia
- Economics of the Military-Industrial Complex
- Science, High-Tech Industries, and Innovation
- Blame the Switchman? Russian Railways Restructuring After Ten Years
- Russian Agriculture and Transition
- Russian Banking as an Active Volcano
- Financial and Credit Markets
- Russian Trade and Foreign Direct Investment Policy at the Crossroads
- Economic Geography of Russia
- Russian Fiscal Federalism: Impact of Political and Fiscal (De)centralization
- Regional Challenges: the Case of Siberia
- Labor Market Adjustment: is Russia Different?
- Higher Education Reform and Access to College in Russia
- Russia’s Health Care System: Difficult Path of Reform
- Poverty and Inequality in Russia
- Recent Demographic Developments in the Russian Federation
Abstract and Keywords
Corruption in Russia permeates political, administrative, economic, and social relations. It affects every business, starting from its registration through the seizure of its assets by officials or bankruptcy. Corruption has been evolving from the Soviet type during Mikhail Gorbachev’s and Boris Yeltsin’s times and is still changing. This chapter reviews the main trends on corruption. It describes the size and the structure of political and business corruption in Russia and outlines its main consequences. We also study the dynamics of petty and business corruption and analyze the data on corruption by sector. Fighting corruption in Russia will only be possible after the power of bureaucracy has been greatly reduced. That task requires restoring political competition, separation of powers, and freedom of the nongovernmental sector: entrepreneurship, the media, and public organizations.
Mark J. Levin is a Professor of Economics at the National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow. His research interests include disequilibrium analysis, informal and shadow economy, and analysis of corruption.
Georgy Satarov is the President of the INDEM Foundation. His research interests focus on the functioning of state institutions in Russia and analysis of corruption.
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