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date: 07 July 2020

Abstract and Keywords

The purpose of this article is to review the current status of impression management (IM) research in employment interviews and to stimulate future research. As employment interviews generally have both selection and recruitment purposes, we include IM studies from both selection and recruitment literature to illustrate the role of IM in employment interview contexts. Two major types of IM research, one focusing on building positive identities (assertive IM) and the other focusing on repairing damaged images (defensive IM), are reviewed here. Among the proposed four types of IM research (i.e., selection-assertive, selection-defensive, recruitment-assertive, & recruitment-defensive), we review existing research evidence and discuss directions for future research. At the end of this article, we offer some overarching recommendations for general issues concerning the role of IM in employment interviews. Our review suggests that in addition to the traditional selection-assertive perspective, there are alternative lines of thinking for IM researchers that can contribute to both academic and business societies.

Keywords: impression management, employment interview, selection, recruitment, assertive tactics, defensive tactics, applicant attraction, interviewer evaluation

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