Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 24 January 2021

Abstract and Keywords

Recent studies have obtained findings of significant theoretical and practical importance for parents and educators of deaf children and others who seek to discover how hearing loss and the use of a visuospatial language might influence language, cognitive, and social functioning. This work has led to a more objective understanding of deaf individuals and signed languages, and offers great hope for improving deaf education. This chapter offers a historical review of cognitive research involving deaf individuals through the stages of “the deaf as inferior,” “the deaf as concrete,” and “the deaf as intellectually normal.” It argues for an additional, contemporary stage of “different does not mean deficient.” Findings with regard to attention and perception, mental representation, visuospatial imagery and cognition, memory, and problem solving all point to the probability that deaf and hearing individuals differ cognitively in several subtle and not-so-subtle ways that might affect learning and other psychological domains. Whether a function of their language experiences, variable educational backgrounds, nature, or nurture, it is essential that such differences be understood in order to accommodate the needs of deaf learners while utilizing their strengths.

Keywords:  attention, perception, mental representation, visuospatial cognition, memory, problem solving, deaf, hard-of-hearing, hearing loss

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.