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date: 11 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

In this chapter, we focus on two essential concerns for the practice of primary and secondary education: (1) Who are the children for whom school programs are responsible, and (2) How well are the aims of education being accomplished? We review recent reports on the demographics of deaf and hard-of-hearing children in the various K-12 educational settings in the United States and reflect on how this profile has changed over the last three decades. We discuss the academic achievement patterns among deaf and hard-of-hearing students in the context of variations in outcomes among hearing students and present a synthesis of what is known about the link between student characteristics and achievement outcomes among program settings.

Keywords: deaf, hard-of-hearing, hearing loss, academic achievement, population distribution, reading achievement, student characteristics

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