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date: 20 September 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter discusses Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz’s theory of space and time as an essential part of his metaphysics. More specifically, it considers Leibniz’s question: “What, then, is time?” It begins by tracing the diachronic development of Leibniz’s revolutionary theory about space in its various stages before focusing on its rational construction. It then examines his thesis about things that are conceivable, the totality of possibilities, within the context of God’s intellect. It also analyzes Leibniz’s assertion that God thinks every possibility and that space differs from body just as time differs from an existent thing. Finally, the chapter reviews Leibniz’s theory of possible worlds on the basis of incompatibility or incompossibility.

Keywords: Leibniz, space, time, metaphysics, God, possible worlds, incompatibility, incompossibility

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