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date: 06 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter discusses the reception of both Attic Middle and New Comedy in Hellenistic and imperial times: the establishment (and date) of the label “Middle Comedy”; the importance especially of Athenaeus of Naucratis for the transmission of lore about Middle Comedy and its major poets Antiphanes, Eubulus, and Alexis, as well as minor ones; the peculiar contents of Middle Comic fragments caused by Athenaeus’s predominantly gastronomical interests (these interests also being responsible for the transmission of longer fragments from plays of minor New Comic poets); the relationship between Menander and other New Comic poets (especially Philemon and Diphilus) in the transmission or preservation of Attic New Comedy; the role of Roman adaptations of New Comic plays; the role of papyri in the preservation of New Comic material; and the role of Christian authors (especially Clement of Alexandria) in the preservation of comic fragments (including the presence of fakes among them).

Keywords: Alexis, Antiphanes, Athenaeus of Naucratis, Attic Middle Comedy, Attic New Comedy, Christian authors, Clement of Alexandria, Diphilus, Eubulus, Menander, papyri, Philemon

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