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date: 08 August 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This Oxford Handbook of Treatment Processes and Outcomes in Psychology offers a multidisciplinary, biopsychosocial approach to research and practice in psychology pertinent to applied settings. It is written for practitioners from varying disciplines and perspectives (e.g., counseling, clinical, school, and developmental psychology; social work), researchers in these areas, as well as oversight bodies (e.g., mental health clinics and government agencies) tasked with the oversight of mental health services provided to the communities they serve. Practitioners and researchers in various disciplines tend to be “siloed,” accessing a restricted literature that typically does not extend far beyond their area of study. The result is suboptimal exposure to an accurate science base that can inform practice and research. This Handbook presents a multidisciplinary approach from experts in their respective fields to understanding clients and treatment across the life span. It includes detailed discussions in several chapters that expand on core areas of research and practice that already have a substantive research base, such as the therapeutic alliance, temperament, therapist variables, and career counseling. The Handbook also provides chapters in new areas of research (e.g., neuroimaging, the role of medications, and evaluating the placebo effect) to provide a data-based assessment of the current state of the research in these areas. This Handbook provides “hands-on” guidance and suggestions, based on research, for identifying interventions that are effective, determining what factors can affect treatment effectiveness, and considerations for the evaluation of the provision of mental health services for children, adolescents, adults, and families at the case or aggregate level.

Keywords: biopsychosocial, multidisciplinary, treatment outcomes, therapeutic alliance

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