Abstract and Keywords
Construction grammar presents a general theory of syntactic representation for cognitive linguistics. The fundamental principle behind construction grammar is that the basic form of a syntactic structure is a construction—a pairing of a complex grammatical structure with its meaning—and that constructions are organized in a network. The notion of a construction has been generalized so that it is a uniform model for the representation of all grammatical knowledge—syntax, morphology, and lexicon. This article examines the model of syntactic representation against which construction grammarians have reacted, describes the componential model, and discusses the arguments for a construction-based approach to syntax, morphology, and lexicon. It also describes the commonalities among the different models of construction grammar in cognitive linguistics, the structure of constructions, the organization of constructions in a grammar, and the major variants of construction grammar in cognitive linguistics. Finally, the article considers the relationship between construction grammar and the usage-based model, language acquisition, and language change.
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