Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 23 January 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Speaking begins with the formulation of messages (i.e., with a thought and a desire to communicate). Depending on the complexity of the event, the conversational context, interlocutors’ knowledge, success in establishing common ground, and a variety of other factors, messages can vary in content and breadth from speaker to speaker and from situation to situation. This article provides an overview of what is known from cognitive psychology about the process of planning the content of a message and the processes by which a message can be encoded linguistically. It begins by describing the relevant psycholinguistic research on message encoding, and then considers the content of messages including the question of the independence or interdependence of messages from language and the ways that contextual factors change the contents of messages.

Keywords: message encoding, message planning, language and thought, conversation

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.