- Abbreviations and Spelling Norms
- Ancient Written Sources for Engineering and Technology
- Representations of Technical Processes
- Historiography and Theoretical Approaches
- Mining and Metallurgy
- Quarrying and Stoneworking
- Sources of Energy and Exploitation of Power
- Greek and Roman Agriculture
- Animal Husbandry, Hunting, Fishing, and Fish Production
- Greek Engineering and Construction
- Roman Engineering and Construction
- Hydraulic Engineering and Water Supply
- Tunnels and Canals
- Machines in Greek and Roman Technology
- Food Processing and Preparation
- Large-Scale Manufacturing, Standardization, and Trade
- Metalworking and Tools
- Textile Production
- Tanning and Leather
- Ceramic Production
- Glass Production
- Land Transport, Part 1: Roads and Bridges
- Land Transport, Part 2: Riding, Harnesses, and Vehicles
- Sea Transport, Part 1: Ships and Navigation
- Sea Transport, Part 2: Harbors
- Greek Warfare and Fortification
- Roman Warfare and Fortification
- Information Technologies: Writing, Book Production, and the Role of Literacy
- Technologies of Calculation
- Gadgets and Scientific Instruments
- Inventors, Invention, and Attitudes toward Technology and Innovation
- Expanding Ethnoarchaeology: Historical Evidence and Model-Building in the Study of Technological Change
Abstract and Keywords
Applying the labels “Greek” and “Roman” to the study of ceramic technology from 700 bc to ad 500 involves profound problems of cultural labeling. The study of Greek and Roman ceramics carries a major historiographical burden in addition to cultural complexity. Greek vases gave rise to a perception of Greek painted pottery as the artistic and economic equivalent of expensive porcelain. Discussion of differing social and economic perceptions of Greek and Roman ceramics is not an abstract exercise. The clay preparation and pottery forming, firing methods, surface finishes and decoration are described in this article. The intertwining of history, culture, economics, production, and consumption is particularly clearly demonstrated by an examination of Greek and Roman pottery. The mass production, diversity, and wide diffusion of Greek and Roman ceramics coexisted with technological stability.
Mark Jackson is Professor of the History of Medicine at the University of Exeter and was Director of the Centre for Medical History there between 2000 and 2010. He served as Chair of the Wellcome Trust History of Medicine Funding Committee between 2003 and 2008 and is currently Chair of the Wellcome Trust Research Resources in Medical History Funding Committee. He has taught modules in the history of medicine and the history and philosophy of science for over twenty years at undergraduate and postgraduate levels to both medical and history students, and has also been involved in teaching medical history to GCSE and A-level students. His books include Newborn Child Murder (1996), The Borderland of Imbecility (2000), Infanticide: Historical Perspectives on Child Murder and Concealment 1550–2000 (ed., 2002), Allergy: The History of a Modern Malady (2006), Health and the Modern Home (ed., 2007), and Asthma: The Biography (2009). The Age of Stress: Science and the Search for Stability is due to be published by Oxford University Press in 2012.
Dr. Kevin Greene, School of Historical Studies, Newcastle University.
Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.
If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.