Abstract and Keywords
Following the decade (or two) of the brain, a new effort is underway to integrate insights about the biology of mental function that have been gained at parallel levels of description, in molecular genetics, cognitive neuroscience, and psychology. Integrative cognitive neurogenetic research promises new contributions to our understanding of how genes affect the mind by shaping the brain. These contributions include research into psychological functions that do not readily lend themselves to animal models. Despite the complex pathway from genetic variation to changes in psychological functions and behavior—the effects of any one gene depend on its interaction with other genes and with the environment—molecular-genetic data have the potential to inform psychological function in unique ways. We review work on working memory, attention, long-term memory, and language that illustrates this emerging potential.
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