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date: 16 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This introductory article begins by asking: What is thinking? It looks at the various meanings of the concept in linguistic and philosophical terms. It summarizes the history of the academic study of thinking and reasoning. Finally it gives an outline of the six parts of the book which look in turn at general approaches to thinking and reasoning; inductive, deductive, and abductive reasoning; problem solving, intelligence, and creative thinking; judgment and decision making; ontogeny, phylogeny, language, and culture; and finally modes of thinking.

Keywords: thinking, reasoning, history, modes of thinking, intelligence, creative thinking, language, problem solving, abductive reasoning

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