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date: 21 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The chapter investigates the evolving doctrines of Epicureanism in the Roman period. Reverence for Epicurus and close adherence to his teachings were essential aspects of Epicurean identity throughout the history of the school. But despite their desire to be faithful, later Epicureans made their own contributions as they recontextualized Hellenistic philosophy, responded to later developments and current controversies, or presented Epicureanism in new genres. In addition to surveying the later Epicurean sources, this chapter outlines aspects of Epicurean scientific theory that first emerge between the first century bce and the second or third century ce. The authors explored are Lucretius, Philodemus, Diogenes of Oenoanda, and Diogenes Laërtius. The doctrines highlighted include: the healing balm of philosophy, the atomic basis of human psychology, the nature of scientific inference as induction, the visual size of the sun, and the swerve.

Keywords: atoms, Diogenes of Oenoanda, Diogenes Laërtius, Epicurus, Lucretius, Philodemus, sun, swerve, void

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