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date: 21 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The chapter maps out the various forms and modes of Greek geographical writing and thinking in the early Byzantine period. Geography in Byzantium means transmission of the ancient Greeks’ knowledge and the handling of this material by certain scholars, via copying manuscripts, making extracts from the old writings, or writing separate commentaries. The two ancient writers that most influenced geographical ideas of the Byzantines were Strabo and Ptolemy. Besides geographical treatises, such as those by Marcian, Protagoras, Hierocles, and Stephen, many historical works contained extensive geographical excursuses (for example, Philostorgius), and reports of ambassadors often included a geographical description of the land(s) they visited. Christians of the school of Antioch tended to deny the spherical earth theory (Theophilus of Antioch, Diodorus of Tarsus, Theodorus of Mopsuestia, Kosmas of Alexandria). Itineraries and traveler’s accounts provide a glimpse of how people traveled. The Peutinger map displays the Roman roads around 435 ce.

Keywords: Hierocles, Marcian of Heraclea, Peutinger map, Philostorgius, Priscus of Panion, Protagoras, Ptolemy, Stephen of Byzantium, Strabo

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