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date: 24 June 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The chapter discusses the mathematics and astronomy of “Late Antiquity” (the early Byzantine period). The period was one of intensive innovation, transformation, and change, involving appropriation and assimilation, and also involved fierce cultural and doctrinal competition between various allegiances. The mathematical or astronomical works of this period are consistently original in their attempt to consolidate mathematical and astronomical practice for literate and/or philosophical education. Cultural competition and emulation existed between various justifications of mathematics and astronomy. These cultural choices were furthermore justified in the terms of wider domains of knowledge and intellectual activities. The period also displays a deep love of traditional knowledge, taken as an almost unavoidable reference point. Fourthly, mathematics and astronomy in Late Antiquity followed a wide range of stylistic patterns. Last, the diversity of works must be seen to include anonymous corpora, such as the pseudo-Heronian metrology, or the scholia on mathematical and astronomical texts, etc.

Keywords: astrology, astronomy, Eutocius, Hypatia, mathematics, Pappus, Philoponus, Porphyry, Proclus, Ptolemy, Simplicius, Theon

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