Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 17 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The chapter discusses ancient Greek dietetic theory and practice; for Greek physicians and patients, diet was one of the primary means of medical intervention. Diet was treated along with exercise, as well as sleep, massage, drugs, and sex. The many authors of the Hippocratic differed about diet, and Galen favors his own advice. We have mere scraps from Hellenistic authors such as Diocles of Carystus, Archestratus, Mnesitheus of Athens, Diphilus of Siphnos, and Phylotimus. The late antique Latin cookbook “Apicius” (likely named for the first-century ce gourmand), promotes a style of cookery that survived into the mediaeval world: blending numerous seasonings and the characteristic balance between sweet and sour, still redolent in the traditional agrodolce sauces of Italian cuisine. Theories of diet and digestion varied enormously as well, Hippocrates claiming concoction, Erasistratus thinking of mechanical grinding and dispersion, and others deciding upon distribution, the more dominant theory in late antiquity.

Keywords: Apicius, Archestratus, Diocles of Carystus, Diphilus of Siphnos, Erasistratus, Galen, Gargilius Martialis, Hippocrates, Mnesitheus of Athens, Phylotimus

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.