Abstract and Keywords
Following the demise of the Achaemenid Empire, much of western Iran, particularly Media, Khuzestan, and Fars, became part of the new Seleucid Empire. The evidence of Seleucid rule in the region is assessed, before the chapter turns to an examination of the local cultures that flourished there. The archaeological signature of Arsacid rule in the metropolis of Susa and the growth of semi-independent polities, like Elymais, are analyzed. The evidence in Fars, and its relationship to the fratarakā dynasty, is surveyed and the rise of the Sasanians and the overthrow of the Arsacids are treated.
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