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date: 11 August 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter reexamines the historical origins of nationalism and offers two conclusions. It reveals the saliency of religion by establishing the centrality of the Protestant Reformation and the complexity of its influence on the rise of nationalism. Different attitudes among leaders of the Reformation toward the religious and political shape of the nation exhibit conflicting tendencies toward liberalism and illiberalism that have become central to the study of nationalism, and they help explain why the conflicts are so deep-seated and persistent. The reexamination also reveals some significant intellectual resources for reevaluating and correcting our understanding of liberal nationalism, which holds that nations developing robust liberal political and economic institutions in an orderly manner contribute to peace while those lacking such institutions do not.

Keywords: nationalism, liberalism, illiberalism, Reformation, constitutionalism, church-state relations, liberal peace, justpeace

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