- Series Information
- The Oxford Handbook of Organized Crime
- List of Contributors
- Organized Crime: A Contested Concept
- Theoretical Perspectives on Organized Crime
- Searching for Organized Crime in History
- How to Research Organized Crime
- The Italian Mafia
- The Italian-American Mafia
- the Russian Mafia: Rise and Extinction
- Organized Crime in Colombia: The Actors Running the Illegal Drug Industry
- Mexican Drug “Cartels”
- Chinese Organized Crime
- The Japanese Yakuza
- Nigerian Criminal Organizations
- Gangs Another Form of Organized Crime?
- Opportunistic Structures of Organized Crime
- Organizing Crime: The State as Agent
- The Social Embeddedness of Organized Crime
- Protection and Extortion
- Drug Markets and Organized Crime
- Human Smuggling, Human Trafficking, and Exploitation in the Sex Industry
- Illegal Gambling
- Money Laundering
- Arms Trafficking
- Organized Fraud
- The Illegal Exploitation of Natural Resources
- Organized Crime Control in the United States of America
- U.S. Organized Crime Control Policies Exported Abroad
- European Union Organized Crime Control Policies
- The Fight Against the Italian Mafia
- Organized Crime Control in Australia and New Zealand
- Organized Crime “Control” in Asia: Experiences from India, China, and the Golden Triangle
- Finance-Oriented Strategies of Organized Crime Control
Abstract and Keywords
By global standards, the problems with organized crime experienced by Australia and New Zealand are moderate. Yet, in both countries, organized crime is perceived as a growing threat requiring a vigorous and coordinated response. This perception has been driven mainly by public incidents of gang violence. This essay sketches the extent of the problem in each country, including the significant criminal networks involved, and explores the institutional, strategic, and legislative responses to organized crime, including crime prevention measures. Cooperative arrangements through which the two countries have addressed transnational crime, particularly within the Asia-Pacific, are discussed. The essay concludes by considering some of the impacts of these official responses, including unintended ones, and suggests possible future directions for research and further action.
Julie Ayling is a Research Fellow in the Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in Policing and Security (CEPS) based in the Regulatory Institutions Network, College of Asia and the Pacific, at the Australian National University. Her research interests include policing, transnational crime, criminal groups and state responses.
Roderic Broadhurst, is a research professor at Regnet, Australian National University and Research Fellow at the College of Asia and the Pacific . He is Associate Fellow, Australian Institute of Criminology and Chief Investigator ARC Centre for Excellence in Policing and Security.
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