- Series Information
- The Oxford Handbook of Sentencing and Corrections
- Introduction Sentencing and Corrections: Overlapping and Inseparable Subjects
- Mass Incarceration: From Social Policy to Social Problem
- Race, Ethnicity, and Punishment
- The Collateral Effects of Imprisonment on Prisoners, Their Families, and Communities
- Crime Victims, Sentencing, and Release from Prison
- Theories of Proportionality and Desert
- Problem-Solving Courts: An International Comparison
- Searching for Sasquatch: Deterrence of Crime Through Sentence Severity
- Risk Assessment
- Restorative Justice as Evidence-Based Sentencing
- Charging and Plea Bargaining as Forms of Sentencing Discretion
- The “Traditional” Indeterminate Sentencing Model
- The Sentencing Commission Model, 1970s to Present
- Procedure at Sentencing
- American Corrections: Reform Without Change
- Probation, Intermediate Sanctions, and Community-Based Corrections
- Jails, Pre-trial Detention, and Short Term Confinement
- Prison Governance: Correctional Leadership in the Current Era
- Regulating Prison Conditions: Some International Comparisons
- Understanding the Impact of Drug Treatment in Correctional Settings
- The Effectiveness of Corrections-Based Work and Academic and Vocational Education Programs
- Identifying, Treating, and Reducing Risk for Offenders with Mental Illness
- Sex Offender Management and Treatment
- Female Offenders and Women in Prison
- The Psychological Effects of Imprisonment
- Living Life Behind Bars in America
- The Present Status and Future Prospects of Parole Boards and Parole Supervision
- Life on the Outside: Transitioning from Prison to the Community
- The Characteristics of Prisoners Returning Home and Effective Reentry Programs and Policies
- Broken and Beyond Repair: The American Death Penalty and the Insuperable Obstacles to Reform
- The Dark at the Top of the Stairs: Four Destructive Influences of Capital Punishment on American Criminal Justice
Abstract and Keywords
This article takes a look at the conclusions from twenty years of restorative justice (RJ) innovations and their status as of 2011. The discussion is primarily concerned with the face-to-face restorative justice conference (RJC), which combines offenders, their victims, and their respective families and communities, in order to decide what the offender should do to answer for his crime/s. It analyzes the evidence for the comparative effectiveness of justice with and without RJ conferences, and reviews the history and theories of RJ. The next section summarizes the logic of evaluation research on RJ, and is followed by reports of the available research on six given comparisons. This article also studies the global social movement that promotes the use of RJ.
Lawrence W. Sherman is Wolfson Professor of Criminology, Director of the Jerry Lee Centre for Experimental Criminology, Director of the Police Executive Programme, University of Cambridge.
Heather Strang is Deputy Director, Jerry Lee Centre for Experimental Criminology, Deputy Director, Police Executive Programme, University of Cambridge and Associate Professor and Director of Centre for Restorative Justice, Australian National University.
Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.
If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.