Abstract and Keywords
The role of cognition in mediating social interaction is illustrated by the General Social Interaction Cycle. Unpacking Lewin’s “grand truism,” B = f (P, E), this chapter explores the role of social cognitive structures and processes in mediating the interaction of the person and the situation. Historically, assuming the independence of personal and environmental determinants of behavior maintained the separation of personality (and its underlying Doctrine of Traits) from social psychology (and its underlying Doctrine of Situationism). An alternative Doctrine of Interactionism, supplemented by a further Doctrine of Reciprocal Determinism, provides a framework for the integration of the two fields by analyzing the dialectical relationships among the person, the environment, and behavior. Two versions of interactionism are described: a static version, originally modeled on the statistical analysis of variance; and a dynamic version, which describes how persons construct the situations to which they respond through evocation, selection, behavioral manipulation, and cognitive transformation. Dynamic interactionism allows the individual’s cognitive processes to play a role in shaping the mental representation of the situation in which his behavior takes place.
Keywords: evocation, expectancy effects, interpersonal, interactionism, doctrine of, manipulation, behavioral, reciprocal determinism, doctrine of, selection, social interaction cycle, general, situationism, doctrine of, traits, doctrine of, transformation, cogniti
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