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date: 08 August 2020

Abstract and Keywords

People’s evaluations of themselves are intricately linked to their views of other people. Not only are people’s self-evaluations affected by their beliefs about other people, but also their evaluations of themselves influence their perceptions and judgments of others. This chapter first examines the primary sources of self-evaluations (personal observation and experience, explicit feedback, social comparisons, reflected appraisals) and the motivational and cognitive reasons that people’s self-evaluations sometimes diverge from the feedback and information that they have about themselves. The second major section explores the nature of self-esteem, including its possible functions, the nature of self-enhancement, and the question of whether people possess a need for self-esteem. Finally, the authors examine the effects of people’s self-evaluations on their perceptions and judgments of other people.

Keywords: self-evaluation, self-esteem, self-enhancement

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