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date: 22 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Ethiopia’s indirect relation to the Roman Empire justifies the inclusion of an article on its literature in this handbook. The country was one of the dioceses of the Alexandrian Church, which, in turn, was part of the Roman Empire until the Arabs conquered it in 642 ce. With this in mind, the article discusses two types of literature: epigraphs in Sabaic, Greek, and Gǝ‛ǝz languages, most of which were created before Christianity was introduced into Ethiopia in the fourth century, and Christian literature created in the Gǝ‛ǝz language and written on parchment. This second type is basically a translation from Greek sources from the Coptic Church of Alexandria. Most of the locally composed texts, which are also religious in nature, are sermons by Copts who came as metropolitans of the Aksumite Church.

Keywords: Aksumite kingdom, epigraphs, Gǝ‛ǝz, Ezana, jihad, Christianity, homily, theology, translation, Bible

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