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date: 16 January 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This article discusses the relationship between Punjabi Sikhs and Gora (‘white’) Sikhs as it has developed since the early 1970s, when a Punjabi Sikh immigrant, calling himself Yogi Bhajan, initiated an unprecedented conversion of young Americans and Canadians to Sikhism through his Healthy, Happy, Holy Organization (3H0) and Sikh Dharma of the Western Hemisphere. It notes the varied responses by Punjabi Sikhs in India and the diaspora to Gora Sikh claims to Sikh orthopraxy, the substantive issues over what it means to be a Sikh that have divided the two groups at times, and the ideological convergences and contingent collaborations (particularly surrounding religious rights) that have recently begun to characterize the relationship, especially in the Western diaspora.

Keywords: Gora Sikhs, 3HO, Sikh Dharma of the Western Hemisphere, Yogi Bhajan, converts, diaspora, sects, castes

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