Abstract and Keywords
Sikhism reacted to its religious milieu in the womb, as it were. Nanak questioned the Hindu sacred thread ceremony and challenged Muslims whose prayers lacked niyat. Sikhs have been respectful to other faiths. Guru Nanak included verses by Hindu and Muslim holy men in his anthology. These are included in the Guru Granth Sahib. Guru Tegh Bahadur gave his life for the right of Hindus to enjoy religious freedom. Times of tension cannot be overlooked: the British partitioning of India provoked Muslim–Sikh violence in the Punjab, and in 1984 Operation Blue Star saw Indian troops storm the Golden Temple, followed by the reprisal assassination of Indira Gandhi which led to the killing of thousands of Sikhs by Hindu mobs. The Sikh psyche cannot be understood today if these events are ignored. Nevertheless, wherever Sikhs have settled they are to be found taking part in interreligious dialogue.
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