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date: 20 September 2020

Abstract and Keywords

In this study, ‘syntax’ means the way the diverse parts of a sura or diverse suras are connected between each other to compose coherent sets with semantic unity. The classical Islamic tradition (al-Zarkāshī, al-Suyūṭī, al-Biqāʿī …) has partially studied it under the titles of naẓm, ‘composition (of the text)’, and ʿilm al-munāsaba, ‘the science of correlation (between verses or suras)’. Some modern Muslim exegetes (Amīn Aḥsan Iṣlāḥī, Saʿīd Ḥawwā) pushed the syntax analysis further, in an original way. Orientalists (Neuwirth, Crapon de Caprona, Salwa El-Awa, Robinson, Zahniser) have been interested in the syntax of the text since 1980. Cuypers elaborates on the Semitic rhetoric, discovered in biblical studies but perfectly applicable to the Qur’anic text.

Keywords: syntax analysis, naẓm, ‘composition (of the text)’, Semitic rhetoric, biblical studies, structure

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