Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 28 October 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Although all three Abrahamic religions agree that Abraham was the first monotheist, the ‘oneness’ of God has remarkably different features in each. The topic of the oneness of God came up for a comprehensive tri-sided discussion in ninth-century Baghdad, then the major hub of intellectual life and interreligious colloquy within the World of Islam, with scholarship in all three communities conducted in Arabic and versed in Aristotelian logic. The major thinkers in this debate were the Muslim al-Kindī and al-Fārābī, the Christian Yaḥyā ibn ‘Adī, and the Jewish Saʽadyah ha-Ga’on. These philosophers and mutakallimūn of the several Abrahamic families of believers clearly developed their distinctive discourses in Arabic in tandem with and in reaction to one another, even though they seldom mentioned one another by name.

Keywords: at-Tawḥīd; monotheism, Baghdad, Saʽadyah ha-Ga’on ibn Yūsuf al-Fayyumī, Abū ZakariyyahYaḥyā ibn ‘Adī, Abū Naṣr Muḥammad al-Fārābī, kalam

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.