- Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics
- Introduction: Status and Definition of Compounding
- Compounding and Idiomatology
- The Classification of Compounds
- Early Generative Approaches
- A Lexical Semantic Approach to Compounding
- Compounding in the Parallel Architecture and Conceptual Semantics
- Compounding in Distributed Morphology
- Why are Compounds a Part of Human Language? A View from Asymmetry Theory
- Compounding and Lexicalism
- Compounding and Construction Morphology
- Compounding from an Onomasiological Perspective
- Compounding in Cognitive Linguistics
- Psycholinguistic Perspectives
- Meaning Predictability of Novel Context-Free Compounds
- Children's Acquisition of Compound Constructions
- Diachronic Perspectives
- Typology of Compounds
- IE, Germanic: English
- IE, Germanic: Dutch
- IE, Germanic: German
- IE, Germanic: Danish
- IE, Romance: French
- IE, Romance: Spanish
- IE, Hellenic: Modern Greek
- IE, Slavonic: Polish
- Sino-Tibetan: Mandarin Chinese
- Afro-Asiatic, Semitic: Hebrew
- Isolate: Japanese
- Uralic, Finno-Ugric: Hungarian
- Athapaskan: Slave
- Iroquoian: Mohawk
- Arawakan: Maipure-Yavitero
- Araucanian: Mapudungun
- Pama-Nyungan: Warlpiri
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter suggests that all the existing proposals for classifying the huge variety of compounds of natural languages are – for one reason or another – unsatisfactory, and proposes a classification of compounds based on criteria which are as consistent as possible and, hopefully, universally valid. It is organized as follows. Section 3.2 discusses the major problems arising from previous attempts at classifying compounds. Section 3.3 analyses the classification proposed in Bisetto and Scalise (2005). Section 3.4 proposes amendments to the previous classification and discusses the basis for the amendments. Finally, Section 3.5 touches on a number of residual problems and presents some conclusions.
Sergio Scalise teaches General Linguistics at the University of Bologna. His main interest today is morphology and he has contributed to the development of the so-called ‘Lexical Morphology’ with several papers and books. He is the director of ‘Lingue e Linguaggio’, consulting editor of several international journals (such as Morphology, Probus), co-organizer of the Mediterranean Morphology Meetings. He is director of several national and international projects all related to morphology and linguistic theory. Among his books are Generative Morphology (Dordrecht: Foris, 1984), Morfologia Lessicale (Padua: Clesp, 1983), Morfologia (Bologna: il Mulino, 1994), and Le lingue e il linguaggio (Bologna: il Mulino, 2003, with G. Graffi).
Antonietta Bisetto is Professor of Linguistics at the University of Bologna. She has worked on issues regarding Italian word formation (derivation and compounding) and the semantics—morphology interface on which she has published several articles.
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