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date: 30 March 2020

Abstract and Keywords

In looking at the relationship between context and employment relations across Africa, Maree ties the relative fortunes of organized labour to the relative effectiveness of democratic institutions. While democracy does not necessary make for effective unionism, trade unions are likely to be more effective when democratic institutions are effective. However, organized labour is also more vulnerable in less balanced economies, especially those heavily dependent on primary commodity exports. On the one hand, there has been a long process of democratization across Africa that is beneficial for the prospects of organized labour. On the other hand, many African countries have regressed to a greater dependence on primary exports, which has the potential to undermine any gains.

Keywords: Africa, democratization, institutionalization, union rights

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