- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- About the Contributors
- Comparative Employment Systems
- Institutions and Employment Relations
- Convergence and Divergence in Employment Relations
- Getting Down to Business: Varieties of Capitalism and Employment Relations
- Business Systems Theory and Employment Relations
- Developments and Extensions of ‘Régulation Theory’ and Employment Relations
- Capitalist Diversity, Work and Employment Relations
- Ownership Rights and Employment Relations
- Varieties of Institutional Theory in Comparative Employment Relations
- Institutions and the Industrial Relations Tradition
- Conflict, Order, and Change
- Employment Relations in Liberal Market Economies
- Social Democratic Capitalism
- Employment Regimes, Wage Setting, and Monetary Union in Continental Europe
- Continuity and Change in Asian Employment Systems: A Comparison of Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan
- Economies Undergoing Long Transition: Employment Relations in Central and Eastern Europe
- Employment Relations in Anglophone Sub-Saharan Africa
- The Left Turn in Latin America: Consequences for Employment Relations
- Developing Societies—Asia
- Employment Relations in the BRICS Countries
- Globalization and Labour Market Governance
- Work, Bodies, Care: Gender and Employment in a Global World
- Where are the Voices? New Directions in Voice and Engagement across the Globe
- Insecure Employment: Diversity and Change
- The Migration–Development Nexus, Women Workers, and Transnational Employment Relations
- The Neo-Liberal Turn and the Implications for Labour
- The State and Employment Relations
- Unions: Practices and Prospects
- Institutions, Management Strategies, and HRM
- New Actors in Employment Relations
- The Future of Employment Relations in Advanced Capitalism: Inexorable Decline?
- Name Index
- Subject Index
Abstract and Keywords
Harry C. Katz and Nick Wailes review some common arguments for employment relations convergence, from the logic of industrialism, to globalization and varieties of capitalism. They find most explanations of convergence overly deterministic, and that empirical evidence tends to support a conclusion of increasing divergence. While they find some convergence across advanced capitalist economies on certain workplace practices (e.g. decentralization), the relative portion of these different workplace patterns (and the role of unions in them) varies considerably as a result of larger institutional differences. They believe that explaining convergent and divergent tendencies requires a less rigid conception of institutions—one that allows for greater degrees of change resulting from the changed preferences and power of key actors such as multinational corporations. The chapter concludes by noting that the recent financial crisis accelerated convergence in the erosion of labour standards, or the ‘low road’ to competitiveness.
Harry Katz, Dean and Professor of Collective Bargaining, ILR School, Cornell University.
Nick Wailes, Professor at the Australian Graduate School of Management, The University of New South Wales.
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