- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- List of Contributors
- Perspectives on Innovation Management
- The Nature of Innovation
- Marketing and Innovation
- Science, Technology, and Business Innovation
- User-driven Innovation
- Networks of Innovation
- Knowledge and the Management of Creativity and Innovation
- Design-Driven Innovation: Meaning as a Source of Innovation
- Brokerage and Innovation
- Sectoral Systems of Innovation
- Innovation Ecosystems: Implications for Innovation Management?
- Markets for Technology
- Capital Markets, Innovation Systems, and the Financing of Innovation
- Consumption of Innovation
- Sustainable Innovation Management
- Managing Social Innovation
- Innovation Management in Japan
- Innovation Management in China
- Technology and Innovation
- Innovation, Strategy, and Hypercompetition
- Business Model Innovation
- Managing Open Innovation
- Collaboration and Innovation Management
- Organizing Innovation
- Human Resource Management Practices and Innovation
- Managing R&D and New Product Development
- Internationalization of Research and Development
- Intellectual Property Rights, Standards, and the Management of Innovation
- Mergers and Acquisitions and Innovation
- Services, Innovation, and Managing Service Innovation
- Innovation and Project Management
- Platforms and Innovation
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter outlines historical and recent trends in the internationalization of research and development (R&D) in multinational corporations (MNCs). It discusses the motives and driving forces that lead firms to perform R&D in foreign locations and the managerial and policy issues associated with geographically dispersed and organizationally decentralized R&D. A simple typology of foreign R&D units is presented, emphasizing that the opportunities and challenges vary with the nature of their tasks, which range from technical support and local adaptation of products and processes to product development and, in some cases, applied and basic research. Managerial systems, procedures, and practices for coordination and control of internationally decentralized R&D are identified, along with mechanisms promoting knowledge management, problem solving, and innovation.
Lars Håkanson, Professor of International Business, Department of International Economics and Management, Copenhagen Business School.
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