- The Oxford Handbook of Transformations of the State
- List of Figures and Tables
- About the Contributors
- Introduction: Transformations of the State
- Changing Perspectives on the State
- Varieties of State Experience
- The Layered State: Pathways and Patterns of Modern Nation State Building
- The Emergence of the New World States
- State Formation and Transformation in Africa and Asia: The Third Phase of State Expansion
- State Theory: Four Analytical Traditions
- Limited Statehood: A Critical Perspective
- State Transformations in Comparative Perspective
- Internationalization and the State: Sovereignty as the External Side of Modern Statehood
- Sovereign (In)Equality in the Evolution of the International System
- The Competition State: The Modern State in a Global Economy
- The Embedded State: The New Division of Labor in the Provision of Governance Functions
- Multilevel Governance and the State
- Beyond the State?: Are Transnational Regulatory Institutions Replacing the State?
- Security, Intervention, and the Responsibility to Protect: Transforming the State by Reinterpreting Sovereignty
- Ambiguous Transformations: The 2007/08 International Financial Crisis and Changing Economic Roles of the State
- Environmental Risks and the Changing Interface of Domestic and International Governance
- State Transformations among the Affluent Democracies
- The Transformations of the Statist Model
- From Industrial Corporatism to the Social Investment State
- The Changing Role of the State in Liberal Market Economies
- ISI States Reverse Course: From Import Substitution to Open Economy
- Welfare State Transformation: Convergence and the Rise of the Supply-Side Model
- The State and Gender Equality: From Patriarchal to Women-Friendly State?
- From the Positive to the Regulatory State: A Transformation in the Machinery of Governance?
- Migration and the Porous Boundaries of Democratic States
- Plurinational States
- The Changing Architecture of the National Security State
- Transformations of the Democratic State
- The Peculiarities of Post-Communist State Development: Institutional Consolidation and Elite Competition
- The Transformation of the State in Eastern Europe
- Resources as Constraints? Natural Resource Wealth and the Possibility of Developmental States in the Former Soviet Union
- The Transformation of the Russian State
- China: Economic Liberalization, Adaptive Informal Institutions, and Party-State Resilience
- States in the Global South: Transformations, Trends, and Diversity
- Human Development, State Transformation, and the Politics of the Developmental State
- Rentier States and State Transformations
- Predatory States and State Transformation
- State Failure and State Transformation
- Ethnicity and State Transformation in the Global South
- Democracy and Regime Change in the Global South: Causes and Trends
- Emerging Welfare States in Latin America and East Asia
- Conclusion: States Transforming
- Name Index
- Index of Subjects
Abstract and Keywords
Today, all advanced capitalist states are democratic states. Since the 1950s, the core institutional structures of most democratic states have remained unchanged. Greece, Spain, and Portugal entered the club of democracies in the 1970s. In this chapter we examine the gradual transformation of the democratic state that took place underneath the remarkable stability of democratic core institutions. A deepening of political participation and an increased use of referenda occurred, along with reforms that encouraged the autonomy of political elites, administrations, and experts. The rise of semi-independent agencies and the international diffusion of the model of an independent central bank altered the modes of democratic governance decisively. The bond between democratic state, civil society, and citizens was weakened. Moreover, democratic states are challenged by the new political power of international and regional organizations; ironically, these organizations are institutions these states themselves established and which they have constantly promoted.
Frank Nullmeier is Professor of Political Science in the Department of Political Science, Director of the Division “Theory and Constitution of the Welfare State” of the Center for Social Policy Research (ZeS), Principal Investigator in the Collabo¬rative Research Center on Transformations of the State (TranState, 2003–2014), and faculty member of the Bremen International Graduate School of Social Sciences (BIGSSS, 2007 ff.), all at the University of Bremen, Germany.
Andreas Hepp is Professor of Media and Communication Studies in the Department of Cultural Studies, Director of the Center for Media, Communication and Information Sciences (ZEMKI), and Principal Investigator in the Collaborative Research Center on Transformations of the State (TranState, 2003–2014), all at the University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany.
Steffen Schneider is Researcher in the Collaborative Research Center on Transformations of the State (TranState, 2003–2014) and Lecturer in the Department of Political Science, both University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany.
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