- The Oxford Handbook of Transformations of the State
- List of Figures and Tables
- About the Contributors
- Introduction: Transformations of the State
- Changing Perspectives on the State
- Varieties of State Experience
- The Layered State: Pathways and Patterns of Modern Nation State Building
- The Emergence of the New World States
- State Formation and Transformation in Africa and Asia: The Third Phase of State Expansion
- State Theory: Four Analytical Traditions
- Limited Statehood: A Critical Perspective
- State Transformations in Comparative Perspective
- Internationalization and the State: Sovereignty as the External Side of Modern Statehood
- Sovereign (In)Equality in the Evolution of the International System
- The Competition State: The Modern State in a Global Economy
- The Embedded State: The New Division of Labor in the Provision of Governance Functions
- Multilevel Governance and the State
- Beyond the State?: Are Transnational Regulatory Institutions Replacing the State?
- Security, Intervention, and the Responsibility to Protect: Transforming the State by Reinterpreting Sovereignty
- Ambiguous Transformations: The 2007/08 International Financial Crisis and Changing Economic Roles of the State
- Environmental Risks and the Changing Interface of Domestic and International Governance
- State Transformations among the Affluent Democracies
- The Transformations of the Statist Model
- From Industrial Corporatism to the Social Investment State
- The Changing Role of the State in Liberal Market Economies
- ISI States Reverse Course: From Import Substitution to Open Economy
- Welfare State Transformation: Convergence and the Rise of the Supply-Side Model
- The State and Gender Equality: From Patriarchal to Women-Friendly State?
- From the Positive to the Regulatory State: A Transformation in the Machinery of Governance?
- Migration and the Porous Boundaries of Democratic States
- Plurinational States
- The Changing Architecture of the National Security State
- Transformations of the Democratic State
- The Peculiarities of Post-Communist State Development: Institutional Consolidation and Elite Competition
- The Transformation of the State in Eastern Europe
- Resources as Constraints? Natural Resource Wealth and the Possibility of Developmental States in the Former Soviet Union
- The Transformation of the Russian State
- China: Economic Liberalization, Adaptive Informal Institutions, and Party-State Resilience
- States in the Global South: Transformations, Trends, and Diversity
- Human Development, State Transformation, and the Politics of the Developmental State
- Rentier States and State Transformations
- Predatory States and State Transformation
- State Failure and State Transformation
- Ethnicity and State Transformation in the Global South
- Democracy and Regime Change in the Global South: Causes and Trends
- Emerging Welfare States in Latin America and East Asia
- Conclusion: States Transforming
- Name Index
- Index of Subjects
Abstract and Keywords
The chapter investigates how different types of state transformations play out in one major field, environmental policy-making. While the public goods character of transboundary environmental problems might lead us to expect weaker levels of privatization and stronger levels of internationalization, many environment-related state activities began to unfold only in the 1960s when some of the major state transformations discussed in this Handbook set in. As a result, we might expect historical path dependencies that obstruct, divert, or channel transformative forces to be weaker in the environmental realm. The processes studied in this chapter suggest a mixed picture in regard to both assumptions: The state remains central even in an age of (growing) ecological interdependence, but its role in addressing environmental risks has changed in response to the internationalization and privatization of environmental governance.
Keywords: states, environmental risks, internationalization, privatization, environmental governance, economic interdependence, ecological interdependence, climate change, environmental politics, environmental law
Klaus Dingwerth is Assistant Professor of Political Science in the Department of Political Science and Faculty Associate in the Institute for Intercultural und International Studies (InIIS), both at the University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany, and a frequent next-door collaborator with the Collabo¬rative Research Center on Transformations of the State (TranState, 2003–2014) and as of Fall 2014 Professor of Political Science in the Department of Political Science of the School of Economics and Political Science (SEPS) at the University St. Gallen, Switzerland
Helge Jörgens is Managing Director of the Environmental Policy Research Center (FFU; Forschungszentrum für Umweltpolitik) at the Free University Berlin, Germany.
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