Abstract and Keywords
This chapter offers an overview of the major concepts and developments in Gestalt theory, which was the major theoretical framework for most of the empirical work on perceptual organization in the first half of the past century. A historical review of this school of thought, with all of the key players and the context within which they worked, provides contemporary scientists with the proper perspective to be able to build on the foundations from the past, while simultaneously avoiding its mistakes. Difficult theoretical concepts, such as Gestalt laws, Prägnanz, and isomorphism are explained. The emphasis lies on the Berlin school of Gestalt psychology (Wertheimer, Köhler, and Koffka), but the relationships with the Graz and Leipzig schools, and with the second generation in Europe and the USA, are discussed as well.
Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.
If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.