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date: 28 February 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter examines international military operations based on the principles of “humanitarian intervention” and “responsibility to protect” (RtoP), and how they differ from peacekeeping operations. It addresses the differences between humanitarian interventions and peacekeeping operations by looking at issues surrounding sovereignty, impartiality, and the use of force. It then looks at the sources of the misguided relationship between peacekeepers and interveners and analyzes why humanitarian interventions remain controversial. The chapter concludes by discussing the extent to which RtoP can make the idea of humanitarian intervention more acceptable.

Keywords: Military operations, humanitarian intervention, responsibility to protect, coercion, partiality, civilian protection, United Nations, sovereignty, non-intervention, peacekeeping

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