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date: 10 July 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter focuses on the United Nations Supervision Mission in Syria (UNSMIS), an observer mission created by the UN Security Council in April 2012 to monitor a cessation of armed violence and support the implementation of Kofi Annan’s six-point peace plan for Syria. After providing an overview of the civil war in Syria, the chapter describes UNSMIS’s mandate and operations. It also discusses UNSMIS’s successes and failures. UNSMIS deployed into an active war zone and, as a result, was unable to effectively implement its mandate. It also suffered from political tensions within the UN Security Council and was withdrawn after only four months having had little discernable impact on the ground.

Keywords: UN Security Council, Kofi Annan, peace plan, Syria, civil war

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