- Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics
- Copyright Page
- List of Figures and Tables
- List of Abbreviations
- List of Contributors
- Aspectual Classes
- Events and States
- Event Composition and Event Individuation
- The Semantic Representation of Causation and Agentivity
- Force Dynamics
- Event Structure without naïve Physics
- Event Kinds
- Thematic Roles and Events
- Semantic Domains for Syntactic Word-Building
- Neodavidsonianism in Semantics and Syntax
- Event Structure and Verbal Decomposition
- Nominals and Event Structure
- Adjectives and Event Structure
- Lexicalization Patterns
- Secondary Predication
- Event Structure and Syntax
- Inner Aspect Crosslinguistically
- Tense and Aspect in Discourse Representation Theory
- Coherence Relations
- Form-Independent Meaning Representation for Eventualities
- The Neurophysiology of Event Processing in Language and Visual Events
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter provides an overview of different empirical domains for which it has been argued to be useful to add event kinds (or types) to the ontology, in addition to event tokens. Direct parallels are drawn to the motivation that have led to positing kinds in the nominal domain, such as the idea that elements like so (English such) is a kind anaphora and that modification derives subkinds, which is related to the general hierarchical organization of kinds found in both domains, or the observation that modified event kinds have to be well-established, a constraint that is also found with kind reference by singular definite noun phrases.
Berit Gehrke is a staff member in the Slavistics department of Humboldt University, Berlin. She received her PhD in 2008 from Utrecht, with a dissertation on the semantics and syntax of prepositions andmotion events. She has worked on topics including event semantics, event structure, argument structure, and modification. Her publications include the edited volumes Syntax and Semantics of Spatial P (Benjamins, 2006, with Anna Asbury, Jakub Dotlaˇcil, and Rick Nouwen), Studies in the Composition and Decomposition of Event Predicates (Springer, 2013, with Boban Arsenijevi´c and Rafael Marín), and The Syntax and Semantics of Pseudo-Incorporation (Brill, 2015, with Olga Borik).
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