- Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics
- The Oxford Handbook of Polysynthesis
- About the Contributors
- Polysynthesis and Complexity
- Argument Marking in the Polysynthetic Verb and Its Implications
- Polysynthesis and Head Marking
- Sub-Types of Polysynthesis
- The Subjectivity of the Notion of Polysynthesis
- What are the Limits of Polysynthesis?
- The Lexicon in Polysynthetic Languages
- The ‘Word’ in Polysynthetic Languages: Phonological and Syntactic Challenges
- The Anthropological Setting of Polysynthesis
- Phraseology and Polysynthesis
- Polysynthesis in the Arctic/Sub-Arctic
- Polysynthesis in North America
- The Northern Hokan Area
- Polysynthetic Structures of Lowland Amazonia
- Polysynthesis in Northern Australia
- Polysynthesis in New Guinea
- Patterns of Innovation and Retention in Templatic Polysynthesis
- Is Polysynthesis a Valid Theoretical Notion?: The diachrony of complex verbs in Ute
- Polysynthesis and Language Contact
- Language Obsolescence in Polysynthetic Languages
- Polysynthesis in the Acquisition of Inuit Languages
- The Acquisition of Murrinhpatha (Northern Australia)
- The Acquisition of Polysynthetic Verb Forms in Chintang
- Western Apache, a Southern Athabaskan Language
- Central Alaskan Yupik (Eskimo-Aleut): A sketch of morphologically orthodox polysynthesis
- Innu (Algonquian)
- Polysynthesis in Nuuchahnulth, a Wakashan Language
- The Polysynthetic Nature of Salish
- Nawatl (Uto-Aztecan)
- Purepecha, a Polysynthetic but Predominantly Dependent-Marking Language
- Tariana, an Arawak Language from North-West Amazonia
- Polysynthesis in Lakondê, a Northern Nambikwaran Language of Brazil
- Polysynthesis in Dalabon
- The Languages of the Daly River Region (Northern Australia)
- The Polysynthetic Profile of Yimas, a Language of New Guinea
- Polysynthesis in Ainu
- Polysynthesis in Ket
- Polysynthesis in Sora (Munda) with Special Reference to Noun Incorporation
- Adyghe (Northwest Caucasian)
- Series Information
Abstract and Keywords
Polysynthetic languages have been involved in a variety of language contact situations. In cases of occasional contacts, polysynthetic languages have been simplified, both by learners (approximate varieties) and native speakers (foreigner talk). Such simplified versions can be the source also of a number of pidgins based on polysynthetic languages. Those pidgins did not inherit the morphological complexity of the source languages, but instead use pronouns for person marking and largely analytic structures. Sometimes unanalyzed complex verbs are used, where the original meaning of the affixes does not play a role. The widespread idea that polysynthetic languages do not display lexical borrowings, but use internal word-building devices instead, should be qualified: loanwords are quite common in polysynthetic languages. In codeswitching, verbs stems rarely combine with foreign elements. Borrowing of pattern is more common than borrowing of matter, and areal diffusion of grammatical traits may lead to the proliferation of polysynthesis.
Hein van der Voort is Associate Researcher at the Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi, Belém (PhD Leiden, 2000). He has done fieldwork on various Brazilian indigenous languages since 1995 and has published books and articles on Amazonian, Arctic, Romani, Pidgin, and Creole languages, including a grammar of Kwaza (2004). He is presently involved in several projects that aim to document and analyse Amazonian languages.
Peter Bakker is Associate Professor at Aarhus University (PhD Amsterdam, 1992). He has worked on language contact, pidgins, creoles, and mixed languages. He has done fieldwork a.o. in Canada on Algonquian languages and Michif, and in Europe on Romani. He has edited and written books on mixed languages (1994, 1997), contact languages (2013) and creoles (2014). He is also interested in the connection between linguistic structure and societies.
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