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date: 28 November 2020

Abstract and Keywords

In this chapter a formal typology of Iberian vessels is proposed. The ceramic material comes from different archaeological settlements located in the provinces of Jaén, Granada, and Córdoba (Andalusia, Spain) and date to Iberian period. The corpus is composed of 1,133 complete ceramic vessels. First, we define the criteria for the construction of a ceramic typology and then the similarities in the ceramic profiles are measured following morphometric criteria. The morphometric method we used to characterize and classify this wheel-made pottery according to its profile is Mathematical Morphology. Each piece is represented as a vector, obtained by sampling the so-called morphological curves (erosion, dilation, opening, and closing), and Euclidean distance is used as a measure of similarity.

Keywords: archaeological ceramic, classification, morphological analysis, Iberian vessels, ceramic typology

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