- The Oxford Handbook of Law, Regulation, and Technology
- List of Contributors
- Law, Regulation, and Technology: The Field, Frame, and Focal Questions
- Law, Liberty, and Technology
- Equality: Old Debates, New Technologies
- Liberal Democratic Regulation and Technological Advance
- The Common Good
- Law, Responsibility, and the Sciences of the Brain/Mind
- Human Dignity and the Ethics and Regulation of Technology
- Human Rights and Human Tissue: The Case of Sperm as Property
- Legal Evolution in Response to Technological Change
- Law and Technology in Civil Judicial Procedures
- Conflict of Laws and the Internet
- Technology and the American Constitution
- Contract Law and the Challenges of Computer Technology
- Criminal Law and the Evolving Technological Understanding of Behaviour
- Imagining Technology and Environmental Law
- From Improvement Towards Enhancement: A Regenesis of EU Environmental Law at the Dawn of the Anthropocene
- Parental Responsibility, Hyper-parenting, and the Role of Technology
- Human Rights and Information Technologies
- The CoExistence of Copyright and Patent Laws to Protect InnovationA Case Study of 3D Printing in UK and Australian Law
- Regulating Workplace Technology: Extending the Agenda
- Public International Law and the Regulation of Emerging Technologies
- Torts and Technology
- Tax Law and Technological Change
- Crime, Security, and Information Communication Technologies: The Changing Cybersecurity Threat Landscape and its Implications for Regulation and Policing
- Debating Autonomous Weapon Systems, their Ethics, and their Regulation under International Law
- Genetic Engineering and Biological Risks: Policy Formation and Regulatory Response
Abstract and Keywords
An international public debate over the law and ethics of autonomous weapon systems (AWS) has been underway since 2012, with those urging legal regulation of AWS under existing principles and requirements of the international law of armed conflict in argument with opponents who favour, instead, a preemptive international treaty ban on all such weapons. This chapter provides an introduction to this international debate, offering the main arguments on each side. These include disputes over defining an AWS, the morality and law of automated targeting and target selection by machine, and the interaction of humans and machines in the context of lethal weapons of war. Although the chapter concludes that a categorical ban on AWS is unjustified morally and legally—favouring the law of armed conflict’s existing case-by-case legal evaluation—it offers an exposition of arguments on each side of the AWS issue.
Kenneth Anderson is professor of law at Washington College of Law, American University; non-resident senior fellow of the Brookings Institution.
Matthew C. Waxman is Liviu Livescu Professor, Columbia Law School; adjunct senior fellow, Council on Foreign Relations.
Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.
If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.