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date: 27 November 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Lexical-Functional Grammar (LFG) is a lexicalist, declarative (non-transformational), constraintbased theory of generative grammar. LFG has a detailed, industrial-strength computational implementation. The theory has also proven useful for descriptive/documentary linguistics. The grammatical architecture of LFG, sometimes called the “Correspondence Architecture,” posits that different kinds of linguistic information are modelled by distinct, simultaneously present grammatical structures, each having its own formal representation. These separate structures are formally related by correspondence functions. The different grammatical structures are subject to separate principles and formal descriptions and have distinct primitives. The two core syntactic structures are constituent structure and functional structure, and they are the central focus of this chapter. Other grammatical structures that have been proposed concern argument structure, information structure, semantics and the syntax–semantics interface, prosody and the syntax–phonology interface, and the morphology–syntax interface.

Keywords: generative grammar, linguistic theory, constituent structure, functional structure, structural correspondence, Correspondence Architecture

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