Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 23 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

A major context which is important for understanding Maximus’ work was neo-Chalcedonianism. Neo-Chalcedonianism was a mixed political–theological project initiated by Emperor Justinian a century before Maximus. It aimed to reconcile the adversaries to the Council of Chalcedon with the followers of the council, for both ecclesial and political reasons, namely the unity of church and empire. The same expediencies remained urgent in the time of Maximus, for his contemporary Emperor Heraclius. There is a consensus among scholars of Maximus that he was a neo-Chalcedonian. Indeed, he used neo-Chalcedonian theological language and had his christological interests largely focused on the neo-Chalcedonian problematics. At the same time, neo-Chalcedonianism was not only inspirational for him, but also forced him to react and to polemicize. The conclusion of this chapter is that Maximus was a cautious neo-Chalcedonian.

Keywords: Maximus, Emperor Heraclius, neo-Chalcedonianism, Council of Chalcedon, church unity, Emperor Justinian, imperial unity

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.