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date: 24 October 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Maximus’ writings on the papacy received increasing attention in the twentieth century, especially as both Catholic and Orthodox hierarchs discussed the issues of primacy and conciliarity in the undivided church. As with the procession of the Holy Spirit, ongoing study has revealed that Maximus challenges both the traditional Roman and Orthodox views on the papacy—that is, that Rome has complete universal jurisdiction or that she possesses merely a ‘primacy of honour’—offering, perhaps, a more balanced view. This chapter documents the use of Maximus’ writings, especially those on the filioque and the papacy, and how they have contributed to modern ecumenical dialogue. Maximus, it would seem, has once again become the great mediator, the great bridge-builder, between East and West, a role he played in his own lifetime and a role he continues to play in theology today.

Keywords: Primacy, conciliarity, papacy, filioque, procession, Holy Spirit, Catholic church, Orthodox church, ecumenism

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