- Fascism in the Middle East and North Africa
- The Yemeni Uprising: A Product of Twenty Years of Grassroots Mobilization
- The “New Turkey” At Home and Abroad
- Fiscal Crisis and Structural Change in the Late Ottoman Economy
- The Arab Uprisings of 2011 in Historical Perspective
- Political Movements in Bahrain Across the Long Twentieth Century (1900–2015)
- After Gaddafi: Libya’s Path to Collapse
- Syria’s Economic History: Bumpy Road from Economic Nationalism to Neoliberalism
- Toward New Approaches to the Anthropology of Islamic Movements: Women’s Islamic Activism and the Question of Subjectivity
- Capital, Labor, and State: Rethinking the Political Economy of Oil in the Gulf
- Kemalism and Beyond
- Counterterrorism and Counterinsurgency in the Neoliberal Age
- Arab Youth: Disruptive Generation of the Twenty-first Century?
- The Emergence of Nationalism
- Sextarianism: Notes on Studying the Lebanese State
- The Levant Mandates
- Dodging the Peril of Peace: Israel and the Arabs in the Aftermath of the June 1967 War
- The First World War and its Legacy in the Middle East
- Before the Spring: Shifting Patterns of Protest in Rural Egypt
- Cascading Liberation and Renewal—Tunisia in History
- Reliving Tragedies as Historical Reawakenings: Modern Iran and Its Revolutions
- A War over the People: The Algerian War of Independence, 1954–1962
- Constitutional Revolutions and State Formations in Comparison: Iran and Turkey
- Contemporary Israel/Palestine
- The Crisis of Sovereignty, Ruptured Domination, and the Kurdish Quest for Democratic Self-Government in Syria
- The Matter of Sectarianism
- Environmental History of the Middle East and North Africa
- The Fragmentation of Gender in Post-Invasion Iraq
- W(h)ither Arabian Peninsula Studies?
Abstract and Keywords
The Middle East’s pivotal position in a hydrocarbon-based global capitalism carries enormous ramifications for the region and the Gulf Arab states in particular. This chapter aims to present key debates associated with this transformation. It begins with an overview of the Rentier State Theory (RST). RST theorists foreground the impact of oil rents on Gulf states, drawing causal relationships between these rents and the characteristics of the Gulf’s political economy. The chapter turns to a critique of some of its core assumptions, notably its theorization of state and class. It argues that a more satisfactory understanding of the political economy of oil in the Gulf can be found through a return to the categories of class and capitalism, and a deeper appreciation of the ways in which the Gulf is located in the wider dynamics of accumulation in the world market.
Adam Hanieh, SOAS, University of London
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