- Fascism in the Middle East and North Africa
- The Yemeni Uprising: A Product of Twenty Years of Grassroots Mobilization
- The “New Turkey” At Home and Abroad
- Fiscal Crisis and Structural Change in the Late Ottoman Economy
- The Arab Uprisings of 2011 in Historical Perspective
- Political Movements in Bahrain Across the Long Twentieth Century (1900–2015)
- After Gaddafi: Libya’s Path to Collapse
- Syria’s Economic History: Bumpy Road from Economic Nationalism to Neoliberalism
- Toward New Approaches to the Anthropology of Islamic Movements: Women’s Islamic Activism and the Question of Subjectivity
- Capital, Labor, and State: Rethinking the Political Economy of Oil in the Gulf
- Kemalism and Beyond
- Counterterrorism and Counterinsurgency in the Neoliberal Age
- Arab Youth: Disruptive Generation of the Twenty-first Century?
- The Emergence of Nationalism
- Sextarianism: Notes on Studying the Lebanese State
- The Levant Mandates
- Dodging the Peril of Peace: Israel and the Arabs in the Aftermath of the June 1967 War
- The First World War and its Legacy in the Middle East
- Before the Spring: Shifting Patterns of Protest in Rural Egypt
- Cascading Liberation and Renewal—Tunisia in History
- Reliving Tragedies as Historical Reawakenings: Modern Iran and Its Revolutions
- A War over the People: The Algerian War of Independence, 1954–1962
- Constitutional Revolutions and State Formations in Comparison: Iran and Turkey
- Contemporary Israel/Palestine
- The Crisis of Sovereignty, Ruptured Domination, and the Kurdish Quest for Democratic Self-Government in Syria
- The Matter of Sectarianism
- Environmental History of the Middle East and North Africa
- The Fragmentation of Gender in Post-Invasion Iraq
- W(h)ither Arabian Peninsula Studies?
Abstract and Keywords
With the widening rift between secular and religious groups in Muslim majority countries, “Islamism” continues to be reified as a separate entity from “secularism,” thus uprooting it from its historical and sociopolitical context. This chapter critically examines these binarizing discourses to propose an interdisciplinary approach that situates Islamic movements within broader discussions of social power structures that frame the discursive contentious divide between the secular and the religious. Taking ethnographic data from an Islamic women’s reform movement in Egypt as a starting point, this chapter argues that the reification of the so-called “religious subject” as the opposite of the “secular other” in literature in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) is distortive. Unquestioned notions of individual subjectivity can be misleading in analysis of Islamic movements and impact how we understand political and social transformations in post revolutionary Arab Muslim-majority societies.
Department of Women's Studies, University of California, Riverside
Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.
If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.