- List of Contributors
- Introduction: Sociology, Social Theory, and Organization Studies, Continuing Entanglements
- Michel Foucault and the Administering of Lives
- Bourdieu and Organizational Theory: A Ghostly Apparition?
- The Making of a Paradigm: Exploring the Potential of the Economy of Convention and Pragmatic Sociology of Critique
- Bruno Latour: An Accidental Organization Theorist
- A Theory of ‘Agencing’: On Michel Callon’s Contribution to Organizational Knowledge and Practice
- Niklas Luhmann as Organization Theorist
- Jürgen Habermas and Organization Studies: Contributions and Future Prospects
- Bhaskar and Critical Realism
- The Comparative Analysis of Capitalism and the Study of Organizations
- C. Wright Mills and the Theorists of Power
- Organizational Analysis: Goffman and Dramaturgy
- Garfinkel and Ethnomethodology
- Rational Choice Theory and the Analysis of Organizations
- Clifford Geertz and the Interpretation of Organizations
- Risk, Social Theories, and Organizations
- Arlie Russell Hochschild: Spacious Sociologies of Emotion
- Discourse and Communication
- The Second Time Farce: Business School Ethicists and the Emergence of Bastard Rawlsianism
- Hayek and Organization Studies
- Social Movement Theory and Organization Studies
- What’s New in the ‘<i>New</i>, New Economic Sociology’ and Should Organization Studies Care?
- Critical Theory and Organization Studies
- British Industrial Sociology and Organization Studies: A Distinctive Contribution
- Anthony Giddens and Structuration Theory
- Engendering the Organizational: Feminist Theorizing and Organization Studies
- Organization Studies and the Subjects of Imperialism
- Space and Organization Studies
- Organization Studies, Sociology, and the Quest for a Public Organization Theory
- What Makes Organization? Organizational Theory as a ‘Practical Science’
Abstract and Keywords
The first part of this chapter shows how critical realism moved from the work of philosopher Roy Bhaskar, to sociology, and social theory and from there to organization studies. While critical realism’s primary concern is ontology, it is not restricted to ontology because the latter influences a chain of meta-theoretical concepts, inter alia, aetiology, epistemology, methodology, research techniques, mode of inference, explanation, prediction, and theory. Parts two and three, therefore, offer critical realist interpretations, and critical evaluations, of two rival ontologies: empirical realism and idealism, and their associated meta-theoretical chains. Part four elaborates upon critical realism’s ontology and its associated meta-theoretical chain. The conclusion exemplifies the arguments of the chapter by showing that differing definitions of organizations are influenced by different underlying ontologies and their associated chain of meta-theoretical concepts.
Steve Fleetwood is Professor of Employment Relations and Human Resource Management at the University of the West of England. He has published extensively on critical realism and recently co-authored (with Ant Hesketh) Explaining The Performance of Human Resource Management (2010).
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