- The Oxford Handbook of French Politics
- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- List of Abbreviations
- Notes on Contributors
- A Framework for a Comparative Politics of France
- Republicanism: a transatlantic misunderstanding
- The State Imperative
- The French Welfare System
- Identity, Culture, and Politics: the other and the self in France
- The French Way to Multi-Level Governance: governance with government
- The Europeanization of Public Policy in France: actor-centered approaches
- Globalization: French ambivalence as a critical case
- Executive Politics in France: from leader to laggard?
- Legislative Politics: going international, while staying native
- Constitutional Politics: the French case and theory-building
- Challenges to French Public Administration: mapping the vitality of its knowledge sources
- Regional and Local Government: interpreting territorial politics
- Political Representation: bringing elections back in
- How to Study Political Culture Without Naming It
- Explaining French Elections: the need to meet in the middle
- Parties and Party Systems: making the French sociocultural approach matter
- Political Communication: from international institutionalization to national conquest of scientific legitimacy
- Interest Groups: moving beyond state-centric models
- The Study of Social Movements in France: the “French touch” and a comparative contribution
- Women’s Movements and Feminism: French political sociology meets a comparative feminist approach
- National Identity in France: a blind spot
- French Economic Policy: theory development and the three “I”s
- Environmental and Energy Policy in France: a critical case for comparative political research?
- Gender Policy Studies: distinct, but making the comparative connection
- France and the Evolution of European Integration: the exemplary and pivotal case for broader theories
- Varieties of Capitalism: a distinctly French model?
- Defense and Security Policy: beyond French exceptionalism
- French Aid Through the Comparative Looking Glass: a representative, deviant, or agenda-setting case?
- Toward a Comparative Politics of France
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter examines what the international literature tells us about French security and defense policy, but also what the French case teaches us about this literature. French scholarship on security and defense policy has demonstrated three main trends: the legacy of Charles de Gaulle’s vision and policies, a strongly policy-oriented production, and the influence of sociological approaches in French political science more generally. These trends have given the impression that the Fifth Republic’s security and defense was unique among Western democracies. The chapter tries to bring together the main elements of a research agenda that can connect the French case to the international literature, including: expanding the sociology of security and defense policy actors and institutions; analyzing the changing articulation between defense policy and war; and tracking the reaction of the French “strong state” to the the privatization of defense functions, the civilianization of the military, and growing international cooperation.
Bastien Irondelle was Senior Research Fellow at CERI, the Center for International Studies and Research at Sciences Po, Paris. In 2009–10 he was Deakin Fellow at the European Studies Center, St Antony’s College, and Visiting Research Fellow in the Changing Character of War Programme, University of Oxford. His book, entitled La réforme des armées en France. Sociologie de la décision, was published by the Presses de Sciences Po in 2011.
Jean Joana is a professor of political science at the University of Montpellier. He has written on comparative defense policy and civil–military relations. He is currently working on military procurement policies during wartime and on defense policy reform in Europe and the US. He is the author of Les armées contemporaines (Paris, Presses de Science Po, 2012). He recently published “The Varieties of Liberal Militarism: A Typology,” French Politics, 2014, 12 (2): 177–191 (with F. Mérand).
Frédéric Mérand is Professor of Political Science and Director of CÉRIUM, the University of Montreal Centre for International Studies. His book European Defence Policy: Beyond the Nation State was published by Oxford University Press in 2008. He has published several articles on European and French defense policy with B. Irondelle, S. Hofmann, J. Joana, M. Foucault, and C. Hoeffler.
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