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date: 25 February 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This article examines a number of issues and problems that motivate at least much of the literature in the philosophy of mathematics. It first considers how the philosophy of mathematics is related to metaphysics, epistemology, and semantics. In particular, it reviews several views that account for the metaphysical nature of mathematical objects and how they compare to other sorts of objects, including realism in ontology and nominalism. It then discusses a common claim, attributed to Georg Kreisel that the important issues in the philosophy of mathematics do not concern the nature of mathematical objects, but rather the objectivity of mathematical discourse. It also explores irrealism in truth-value, the dilemma posed by Paul Benacerraf, epistemological issues in ontological realism, ontological irrealism, and the connection between naturalism and mathematics.

Keywords: philosophy of mathematics, philosophy, mathematics, metaphysics, epistemology, semantics, nominalism, truth-value, ontological realism, ontological irrealism

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