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date: 18 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter examines how Germania Inferior and Germania Superior were established as provinces of Roman Germany, with particular emphasis on their link to the offensive military campaigns that took place in Augustan and early Tiberian times on the right bank of the Rhine. It first considers the arrival of the Romans on the Rhine and how the Germani became neighbours of the Roman Empire. It then discusses the Roman occupation of Germania and describes Germania under Roman rule. It also tackles the question of whether Germania east of the Rhine was already a province of the Roman Empire during this period; the annihilation of the Roman army headed by P. Quinctilius Varus in Germania; and the constitution of two Germanic provinces under Domitian.

Keywords: Gaul, Augustus, Varus, Teutoburg forest, occupation, Waldgirmes

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